Three Marketing Lessons from the Swift Rise and Fall of Pokémon GONiantic’s Pokémon GO took the world by storm last year.

Now, just months after its launch, it has nearly fallen off the radar.

After its release, users gathered at PokéStops and chatted with other players while onlookers wondered what the big deal was.

Millions of people jumped on the bandwagon just after the game’s launch, and it has had more than 500 million downloads.

So what caused the fall from grace?

A big part of it stems back to marketing.

Take a look at these key marketing lessons we can learn from where Niantic missed the mark.

Putting All its Eggs in the Word-of-Mouth Basket

To be fair, Pokémon GO owes its meteoric rise almost entirely to word-of-mouth marketing.

It is what everyone was talking about last summer.

Every business wants that type of buzz, and most brands admit it is hard to get.

For many people, product recommendations from family and friends are more influential than any other form of marketing.

But Niantic leaned too heavily on personal accounts.

The app’s decline shows how word-of-mouth can be a spark that dies just as quickly as it ignites.

It is a tool that can boost marketing efforts, but brands shouldn’t rely on this tool alone.

The marketing lessons here?

Don’t over-depend on word-of-mouth, but when you get it, put budget behind amplifying it.

Failing to Educate Users

Well-educated customers will stay loyal to your brand.

Brand knowledge fosters trust and engagement, and it reminds your customers of your brand’s value.

That said, consumers do not want to use an app if they are left wondering how to use it.

Niantic struck out here, too.

The brand didn’t provide guides or tutorials in the app or on the internet.

When users had questions, they had to resort to Google searches or the knowledge of experienced players they knew in the real world.

Some argue this lack of customer education from Niantic is a deliberate move to create community and generate more buzz.

More often than not, however, opting out of user education isn’t a risk worth taking.

The marketing lessons we can learn here are a lack of educational content can frustrate users, which in turn, drives them away.

Brands need to address users’ questions in order to retain them.

Ignoring Glitches

You’re not going to please everyone, and certainly not all the time.

But when you have unhappy customers, responding to them quickly shows your brand’s empathy and reliability.

Pokémon GO dropped the ball here, too.

Talk to users about the app’s functionality, and they’ll describe a love-hate relationship.

While its augmented reality features initially wowed users, its quick launch and massive amount of downloads caused system crashes and exposed several glitches.

Niantic gave refunds to customers who spent money in the app, only to find out that a subsequent update significantly changed the game’s functionality.

The notorious three-step glitch, which muddled a user’s distance from a nearby Pokémon, went unresolved in spite of vocal frustration.

Pokémon GO lost both users and revenue as a result.

When fundamental problems with a product are revealed in its early stages, the brand must work to address and resolve them quickly.

Users won’t stick around long if issues go unresolved.

Marketing Lessons to Apply to Your Next Launch

These marketing issues alone didn’t undermine the success of Pokémon GO.

But they are valuable marketing lessons to consider when planning your next product launch.

Tony Tie

Tony Tie is a numbers-obsessed marketer, life hacker, and public speaker who has helped various Fortune 500 companies grow their online presence. Located in Toronto, he is currently the senior search marketer at Expedia Canada, the leading travel booking platform for flights, hotels, car rentals, cruises, and local activities. Connect with Tony on Twitter @tonytie.

View all posts by Tony Tie